Saffron (Crocus sativus)
- Saffron Threads
The spice saffron are the stamp threads of the Crocus sativus, this belongs to the plant family of the iris family and the genus crocuses. It is a perennial bulbous plant that blooms in the fall and is then harvested. This plant produces orange-red threads in its purple flower, which are harvested, dried and used as a spice.
You need 80,000 to 150,000 flowers for one kilo of saffron. This corresponds approximately to an acreage of 10,000m². All threads are pulled by hand, since no machine in the world can do this filigree work. Not for nothing is saffron the most expensive spice in the world.
Saffron contains essential oils, noble bitter substances, carotenoids and the flavoring agent safranal that is produced during drying.
Origin and Harvest
According to current knowledge, saffron originates from the island of Crete and arrived in Mesopotamia about 5,000 years ago. Saffron was already known in antiquity, was considered a sign of prosperity and was also used as a remedy. Today, about 90% of the total amount of saffron is produced in Iran. Other growing countries include Greece, Spain, Italy, India and Morocco.
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